Read the full question
This is drilled into any student from a young age, and it never ceases to be true. Exam papers are minimalistic, they rarely contain any information that they don’t need (unless they’re testing your ability to sift through useless information…). This means that everything in the question is there for a reason, so analyse every bit.
Eg. A 48 year old lady from Africa presents with…
They’re not writing this for fun! This is saying ‘I want you to think about the risk factors for this age group and this nationality – use the information they’re giving you!